Scouting’s origins date back to the start of the 20th Century. It has survived the two World Wars, sweeping social events and the challenges of other influences, to become stronger than ever. It does this by placing the needs of young people first — in a program that can adapt to change.
The founder of Scouting, Lord Robert Baden-Powell, was born in 1857 in England. He lived a busy and adventurous life, and as a boy spent much of his spare time in open-air pursuits, hunting in the woods, and joining his brothers in expeditions by land and in their boats. Thus, he developed his powers of observation and resourcefulness and acquired many useful skills.
After trying his ideas of training soldiers in “Scouting”, while in India, he set down his ideas in the book Aids to Scouting, which was used as a textbook for many years. He spent many years in the British Army, and returned to England a hero after successfully defending the South African Town of Mafeking against the Boers.
Sir William Smith, leader of the Boys Brigade, encouraged him to set down his views on how he would apply “scouting” to the training of boys. First, Baden-Powell conducted an experimental camp in 1907 on Brownsea Island, where, with some twenty boys and suitable adult leaders, he taught the boys what he meant by Scouting. They lived in tents, cooked their own food, and learned many valuable skills through games.
The camp was a great success. Baden-Powell wrote of his experiences in a book he called “Scouting for Boys”. Published in January 1908 in fortnightly parts, it sold readily to the youth in England, who started to carry out “scouting” as they read the book.
Following this camp and the publication of the parts of the book, young boys in the community formed themselves into patrols of six to eight, and then looked around for adult leaders who could help them. Soon there were thousands of Scouts all over the country, and within two years, a rally at the Crystal Palace, London, drew together ten thousand young people.
The Scouting Timeline
|1907||Experimental camp on Brownsea Island, Dorset, UK|
|1908||Scouting for Boys publishes|
|Scouting arrives in Australia|
|Rally at Crystal Palace, London|
|1910||Girl Guides Association forms|
|Sea Scouts Branch forms|
|1916||Wolf Cubs forms|
|1918||Rover Scouts forms|
|1920||First Jamboree at Olympia, London|
|1926||Extension or Handicapped department forms|
|1927||Group System (Cubs, Scouts & Rovers under Group Leader) forms|
|1928||Deep Sea Scouts forms|
|1934||First Australian Jamboree|
|1937||2.5 million Scouts from nearly 50 countries affiliate with the International Bureau, set to safeguard Scouting and prevent control drifting into the hands of purely religious, political or military bodies|
|1941||Air Scouts forms|
|1946||Venturer Scouts forms|
|1973||Venturer and Rover Scout sections admit females|
|1988||Cub and Scout sections admit females|
|1990||Joey Scouts forms|
Reference Books: Scouting for Boys, The Wolf that Never Sleeps, Facets of B-P.